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Parties

 
The original Signatories to the Treaty are the twelve countries that were active in Antarctica during the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58 and then accepted the invitation of the Government of the United States of America to participate in the diplomatic conference at which the Treaty was negotiated in Washington in 1959. These Parties have the right to participate in the meetings provided for in Article IX of the Treaty (Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings, ATCM).

Since 1959, 41 other countries have acceded to the Treaty. According to Art. IX.2, they are entitled to participate in the Consultative Meetings during such times as they demonstrate their interest in Antarctica by “conducting substantial research activity there” . Seventeen of the acceding countries have had their activities in Antarctica recognized according to this provision, and consequently there are now twenty-nine Consultative Parties in all. The other 24 Non-Consultative Parties are invited to attend the Consultative Meetings but do not participate in the decision-making.


Consultative
CountryEntry into force 1Consultative status2Environment Protocol 3CCAS 4CCAMLRWeb Site 5
  Argentina 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Australia 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Belgium 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Brazil 16 May 1975 27 Sep 1983 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Bulgaria 11 Sep 1978 05 Jun 1998 21 May 1998 Web Site
  Chile 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  China 08 Jun 1983 07 Oct 1985 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Czech Republic 01 Jan 1993 01 Apr 2014 24 Sep 2004
  Ecuador 15 Sep 1987 19 Nov 1990 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Finland 15 May 1984 20 Oct 1989 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  France 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Germany 05 Feb 1979 03 Mar 1981 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  India 19 Aug 1983 12 Sep 1983 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Italy 18 Mar 1981 05 Oct 1987 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Japan 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Korea (ROK) 28 Nov 1986 09 Oct 1989 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Netherlands 30 Mar 1967 19 Nov 1990 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  New Zealand 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Norway 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Peru 10 Apr 1981 09 Oct 1989 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Poland 23 Jun 1961 29 Jul 1977 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Russian Federation 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  South Africa 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Spain 31 Mar 1982 21 Sep 1988 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Sweden 24 Apr 1984 21 Sep 1988 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Ukraine 28 Oct 1992 04 Jun 2004 24 Jun 2001 Web Site
  United Kingdom 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  United States 23 Jun 1961 23 Jun 1961* 14 Jan 1998 Web Site
  Uruguay 11 Jan 1980 07 Oct 1985 14 Jan 1998 Web Site


Non-Consultative
CountryEntry into force 1Environment Protocol 3CCAS 4CCAMLRWeb Site 5
  Austria 25 Aug 1987
  Belarus 27 Dec 2006 15 Aug 2008
  Canada 04 May 1988 13 Dec 2003
  Colombia 31 Jan 1989
  Cuba 16 Aug 1984
  Denmark 20 May 1965
  Estonia 17 May 2001
  Greece 08 Jan 1987 14 Jan 1998
  Guatemala 31 Jul 1991
  Hungary 27 Jan 1984
  Iceland 13 Oct 2015
  Kazakhstan 27 Jan 2015
  Korea (DPRK) 21 Jan 1987
  Malaysia 31 Oct 2011 14 Sep 2016 Web Site
  Monaco 31 May 2008 31 Jul 2009
  Mongolia 23 Mar 2015
  Pakistan 01 Mar 2012 31 Mar 2012
  Papua New Guinea 16 Mar 1981
  Portugal 29 Jan 2010 10 Oct 2014 Web Site
  Romania 15 Sep 1971 05 Mar 2003
  Slovak Republic 01 Jan 1993
  Switzerland 15 Nov 1990 01 Jun 2017
  Turkey 24 Jan 1996 27 Oct 2017
  Venezuela 24 Mar 1999 31 Aug 2014

1 Date on which the Treaty entered into force for the Party. In case of the original Parties, this is the date on which the Treaty first entered into force, 23 June 1961; in case of countries acceding later, it is the date in which they deposited their instrument of accession.

2 The consultative status of the original parties, which is permanent, dates from the entry into force of the Treaty: 23 June 1961. They are marked by an asterisk *. For the other Parties, the date listed is the date on which the consultative status of the Party was recognized by the ATCM.

3 Date of the entry into force of the Environment Protocol for that Party. The Protocol first entered into force on 14 January 1998.

4 Countries Party to CCAS or CCAMLR are indicated with a check mark.

5 In most cases, the URL is that of the Antarctic programme of the country. Where possible, the website of the authority in charge of Antarctic Treaty matters.

CCAS= Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals.
CCAMLR= Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources



 
 
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